A fall in immunization against various infections may result in a recurrence of infections

The decline in the vaccination status of the population in recent years is threatening the emergence of outbreaks of infectious diseases that have already been reduced or even eliminated, warned the national epidemiology consultant Prof. Iwona Paradowska-Stankiewicz.

A specialist who is the head of the Epidemiology Laboratory of Vaccination Diseases at the Epidemiology Department of the National Institute of Public Health-PZH in Warsaw, spoke about it during the online press conference “Infections 2021”. She admitted that currently the greatest challenge is the COVID-19 pandemic and vaccinating the largest possible population against the SARS-CoV-2 virus. However, she pointed out that there are other infectious diseases against which protective preparations are available, and long-standing vaccinations cannot be neglected.

As an example was given by poliomyelitis, the so-called widespread childhood paralysis, also known as Heine-Medin disease. The data of the National Institute of Public Health-PZH show that in 2016 vaccination against this disease in our country reached almost 92%, and in 2020 it dropped to slightly over 85%.

In total, at the end of 2019, according to the current vaccination schedule for various infectious diseases, 85.2% of us were fully vaccinated. children at the age of three (born in 2017), or 338,983. 13.6% of them were partially vaccinated. toddlers (54,128), and 1.2 percent. (4,642) has generally not been vaccinated. “We are approaching the threshold of population immunity and it is increasingly threatened” – warned the national consultant in the field of epidemiology Prof. Iwona Paradowska-Stankiewicz.

She noted that the percentage of children vaccinated against measles in the world is declining. According to the latest report by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the US, the COVID-19 pandemic saw the largest increase in the number of children not vaccinated against this dangerous contagious disease in 20 years. “Critical gaps in surveillance of the disease are also worrying, increasing the risk of a future measles epidemic” – added the expert.

According to global data, the number of measles cases reported in 2020 has decreased compared to previous years, but more than 22 million infants did not receive the first dose of the measles vaccine, which is 3 million more than in 2019. “This means the largest increase in unvaccinated children in two decades “- emphasized prof. Iwona Paradowska-Stankiewicz.

During the press conference, Deputy Chief Sanitary Inspector Izabela Kucharska reminded that “vaccinations are the most important in protection against infections, because they save lives”. She cited WHO data, which shows that every year, thanks to vaccination, 3 million people in the world are saved from death. (PAP)

Source: Science in Poland website – www.naukawpolsce.pap.pl, Author: Zbigniew Wojtasiński

About Peter Wilson

In love with technology, with an eye towards smartphones, he does not disdain any activity linked to the Nerd world. TV series, movies, manga, anime, and comics (Marvel addicted) are the order of the day.

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