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A guide to caring for sunflowers at home: everything you need to know

Do you want your garden to be filled with yellow flowers? Learn how to care for sunflower plants and appreciate their unique beauty.

A guide to caring for sunflowers at home: everything you need to know

latest update: February 12, 2024

If you learn how to care for sunflowers, you will be able to enjoy these wonderful flowers in your garden.Its unique shape and vibrant yellow color They will add energy and joy to your space.

Growing sunflowers at home is a possible task if you take into account some special care. Whether in pots or in the outdoor garden, with this detailed guide you can grow and care for these stunning plants to decorate the interior and exterior of your home.

Characteristics of sunflowers

Sunflower, the scientific name is sunflowerbecause of Large flower head with bright yellow petals They remember the sun. The center of the flower is black and the seeds are hidden there.

These plants are durable and can withstand extreme heat. Another characteristic of them is their ability to stand upright and follow the sun. Some varieties can reach a height of four meters. Others, like dwarf sunflowers, are more compact and suitable for smaller spaces.

sunflower They grow rapidly. They often achieve full development in as little as three months. Growth rates vary with variety, nutrient availability and climatic conditions.

Mostly, they are annuals that are eye-catching for their tall stems and large flowers. But there are also perennial varieties that produce many flowers over several years.

most sunflowers They bloom for several weeks in mid-summer. At this point, the flower head is fully developed, displaying a characteristic arrangement of petals and seeds that attracts the attention of birds and pollinators.

Sunflower’s adaptability and resistance have led to it being considered a summer plant, associated with positive energy and vitality.

sunflower varieties

There are 70 different varieties of sunflowers, from the largest to the smallest., works well in potted plants. You can choose the most suitable alternative based on the space and colors you want to use. Additionally, knowing the types of plants in your garden will help you understand how to care for them properly. So, let’s introduce the most common sunflowers:

common sunflower or sunflower

Classic sunflowers, you can identify them because they are rough to the touch.

It is a popular variety of the classic yellow sunflower. Its mixture includes other sizes and shades such as brown, red, orange and white.

russian giant

It was named by Russian researchers who were looking for a way to produce more oil from this giant sunflower.

It is an annual variety that stands out for its huge size, Stems can grow up to three meters tall and a flower that appears in summer.

Hugh Kratt

One of the most striking things about this sunflower is that not one of them is the same.

this variety It has bronze-red petals with yellow tips and a central brown bump Reddish. Its purple stems contrast perfectly with the green leaves, creating visual interest in the garden.

Sunflower Lemon Queen

It is named because its color is very similar to lemons.

It is a perennial variety, Produces small, lemon-yellow flowers that appear every summer. It is drought tolerant and can grow up to 150 cm in length.

pairSmile

They are the sunflowers sold in our common street flower shops.

It is one of the most popular dwarf sunflowers, No more than 30cm in height . Its flowers have very rich yellow petals, brown centers and an especially sweet fragrance.

Teddy bear

Also known as “stuffed sunflower”, it is one of the most blooming sunflowers.

It is a variety of dwarf sunflower that has a very striking appearance because It has a large number of elongated petals of varying sizes, giving it a fluffy, soft texture.. In addition, its center is small and has a yellow-green hue.

Beach sunflower or sunflower

It is very similar to the lemon variety, but has a darker center.

It can be annual or perennial, depending on the climate. It is a low growing plant that can be used as a ground cover. Its flowers are small and yellow.

Planting sunflowers

Growing sunflowers is a simple process, but it’s important to follow a few key steps to ensure healthy growth and successful blooms. The best time to plant these plants is early spring, When temperatures begin to stabilize, there is enough sunlight and the risk of frost is no longer as great.

Where to plant?

Before planting, it’s important to know the type of soil in your garden and prepare it by removing weeds and preparing the soil. Add rich organic matter, Use as compost or well-rotted fertilizer. This will provide a nutrient-rich growing environment for the seeds.

planting It can be done directly on the soil or seedbed. In the latter case, you should allow the seedlings to harden off slightly and then plant them outdoors at the same depth as in the pot.

How to grow?

Seeds should be sown no deeper than 2.5 centimeters and no more than 15 centimeters apart. You can plant several seeds together and when the seedlings reach 15 cm tall, thin them so that the sturdiest plants are about 30 cm apart.

After sowing, it is important to water well and make sure to keep the soil moist but not wet until the seeds germinate. Once the seedlings emerge, water less often.

Depending on the variety, Sunflowers take 80 to 120 days from planting to flowering. For continued blooms throughout the summer, consider sowing new seeds every two to three weeks starting in spring.

Caring for your sunflower plants

Once sunflower plants start growing, it’s important to care for them properly. Keep them healthy and blooming at their best. These are some of the aspects you should consider.

Light

Sunflowers need lots of sunlight.Ideally they should be Exposure to direct sunlight for approximately six to eight hours per day.

If you are growing sunflowers indoors, try to choose a location that receives adequate sunlight. Place them near a window where sunlight enters or in an area with plenty of artificial light to avoid leaving the plant in the dark.

ground

Sunflowers have very long taproots that need to go several inches deep into the soil.You must take this feature into account Give your plants the depth they need.

they prefer Loose, well-drained and slightly alkaline soil, pH value is 6.0 to 7.5. Providing nutrients such as organic fertilizers helps these plants grow and bloom.

fertilizer

When the plant develops to a certain height, Adding a nitrogen-rich fertilizer every 15 days will encourage growth. At the time of flowering, it is recommended to switch to a fertilizer rich in potassium, such as that used for tomatoes.



irrigation

sunflower plant They require a lot of water and will deteriorate if they don’t get enough hydration. Irrigation should be adequate and controlled, but no more than daily or every other day, depending on the intensity of the heat.

The soil must be kept moist at all times. Automatic watering systems are an effective solution to prevent plants from drying out.

pest protection

Slugs and snails are the main enemies Young specimen of sunflower. If you have a large population of these organisms in your garden, it is recommended to plant the seeds in pots and harden off the plants before transplanting them into the ground to make them more resistant.

To care for your sunflowers, you can also check on your plants regularly and eliminate any slugs and snails you find. Another way to control pests is to use natural control methods such as slug pellets or copper tape around pots or planting areas.

Moderate

It is important to provide adequate support for tall sunflower varieties Protect them from wind and prevent them from falling. You can do this by using a sturdy cane, cane, or pole to support the plant.

Also consider placing plants in protected areas of your garden. If you live in an area with strong winds, You can install a windshield made of abrasion-resistant fabric or meshfor extra protection around sunflowers.

sunflower in flowerpot

Large yellow fields with tall and huge specimens are not the only way to grow these plants. Dwarf sunflowers can be grown in pots and small gardeners, Thus adding a unique charm to your terrace or balcony.

To care for and enjoy sunflowers in pots, you must choose the right variety.Look for dwarf options such as bright smile anyone Teddy bearusually no more than 50 cm in height.

Choose a deeper container with a diameter of more than 30 cm And it drains well. Consider just one plant per pot so it has plenty of room to grow.

Apart from, You should make sure to place them where the plants receive direct light, no less than six hours a day. It is important to rotate the pot regularly so that all parts of the plant receive even light.

What to do with sunflowers after they bloom?

When the flowers are dry, sunflowers have a large number of seeds in their centers. The seeds can be used as food for birds or harvested for different uses.

  • For one, you can collect some seeds, dry them, and store them in paper envelopes or airtight containers. You can plant them next spring to have yellow flowers blooming again in your garden.
  • Another option is to take advantage of the benefits of sunflower seeds and use them in cooking. Remember to remove the hard shell before eating sunflower seeds. It is not a good idea to eat the shells of sunflower seeds.
  • You can also use its seeds to make sunflower oil, which is known for its health benefits.

If your plant is an annual variety, once you harvest, save the seeds and feed them to the birds, Remove the entire plant and add it to your home compost pile. If your plant is a perennial, remove damaged and diseased parts. You will also need to prune at the beginning of next spring.



How to care for sunflower cut flowers?

While yellow flowers look beautiful in the garden, you can also use them to create flower arrangements and place them in vases to beautify certain areas of your home. To care for cut sunflowers and keep them fresh and beautiful for a long time, follow these tips:

  • Choose flowers that are fully open but not wilted.
  • Trim sunflower stems diagonally to help absorb water and keep the flowers hydrated.
  • Remove the leaves from the stems so they don’t become submerged in water and prevent rot.
  • Keep the vase clean and change the water every two days to keep it fresh and prevent bacterial growth.
  • Place your sunflower vase in a cool, indirect light location. Sunlight will hasten the wilting of flowers.
  • Add flower preservative solution to the water in the vase.
  • If your sunflowers are wilted, soak the stems in warm water for a few hours to rehydrate them. Then trim the stems diagonally and return them to fresh water.

It’s time to plant grass!

Now that you know how to care for sunflowers, You’ll be able to grow them with confidence and keep them healthy. Be sure to put our tips into practice to make the most of the beauty and sparkle these flowers bring to your home.

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