The Basic income it must be strengthenedbecause “support is needed more effective to fight the poverty and promote employment“. While in Italy Giorgia Meloni attacked the measure of support for destitute people for throughout the election campaignpromising its dismantling by the future center-right government, by theEurope comes an indication that it goes exactly in sense opposite to. Today the Commission calls on the Member States to modernize their minimum income schemes, by submitting its proposal for a Council Recommendation to have a citizen’s income in each Member State adequatewhich ensures inclusion, lifting people out of poverty and promoting at the same time integration in the labor market of those who can work. Because? Adequate income support measures, explains the Commission, carry out “a key role during recessions economicwhen they can mitigate the impact on the income of familiesprevent an increase in poverty and social exclusion, while promoting a sustainable recovery And inclusive. Robust social security nets are also essential for realizing the full potential of green transitions And digitalthrough activation and helping people to learn new skills in order to find work more easily “.
While in Italy the citizenship income comes opposedin Brussels it is considered the main tool to achieve the goal of reducing by at least 15 million people by 2030 the number of people at risk of poverty. Introduced in 2019 from Conte government 1according to the latest data Istat the RdC “avoided a a million of individuals (about 500 thousand families) to find themselves in a condition of absolute poverty “. The Commission in illustrating its proposal underlines the importance of this measure “during the lockdown linked to the Covid-19 pandemic ″. But even today: “An adequate minimum income is extremely relevant in the current context of increase in energy prices andinflation following the Russian invasion of Ukraine, as income measures can be targeted specifically to favor i groups vulnerable“. “At a time when many people are struggling to make ends meet – explains the vice president of the Commission Valdis Dombrovskis – this fall it will be important that the member states modernize their social safety nets with an active inclusion approach for help those most in need. This is how we can fight poverty and social exclusion and help more people a find work during this difficult period “.
Improve adequacy of support, coverage and access to work
The proposal drawn up in Brussels offers one guide Member States on how to ensure that their “citizenship incomes” are effective in the fight against poverty and in the promotion of active inclusion in society and in the labor markets. “Although there is a minimum income in all Member States, yours adequacyscope and effectiveness in supporting people varies significantly ”, underlines the Commission. Which he therefore recommends adjust the subsidy by 2030 (while safeguarding the sustainability of public finances). Also, improve the coverage and the use of aid. For example, in the European Union about one in 5 unemployed at-risk-of-poverty is not eligible to receive any income support and estimates between 30% and the 50% approximately of the eligible population does not seek the income support referred to would be entitled. Brussels also recommends improved entry measures in the labor market. The DRC “should help people find a job and a keep itfor example through education and the inclusive training“. But it should also be possible to combine the use of the subsidy with short-term jobs. Similarly, the other services that should accompany income must also be improved: assistance, training and education. Finally, support should be provided on a basis individualnot just by family unit.
One in 5 people in the EU at risk of poverty and exclusion
“Today more than one in five people in the EU is at risk of poverty and exclusion social“, Emphasizes the Commissioner for Employment and Social Rights, Nicolas Schmit. Minimum income schemes “exist in all Member States, but the analysis shows that they are not always adequatethey don’t reach all the needy either they do not motivate people to come back on job market. In a context characterized by the increase in cost of living And from uncertaintywe must ensure that our safety nets are at the height of the task “. “We should pay particular attention to re-enter the young in the world of work also through income support, so that they do not stay trapped in a vicious circle of exclusion ”, concludes Schmit. The Commission’s proposal for a Council recommendation on an adequate minimum income will be discussed by Member states in view of the adoption by the Advise. Once adopted, Member States should report to the Commission every three years on progress accomplished in the implementation. The Commission will also monitor progress in the implementation of this Recommendation in the context of the semester European.
The recommendations of the EU Commission to the Member States
Improving the adequacy of income support:
• Establish the level of income support through a transparent and solid methodology.
• While safeguarding work incentives, ensure that income support gradually meets a set of adequacy criteria. Member States should achieve an adequate level of income support by the end of 2030 at the latest, while safeguarding the sustainability of public finances.
• Review and adjust, if necessary, the level of income support annually.
Improve coverage and use of minimum income:
• Eligibility criteria should be transparent and non-discriminatory. For example, to promote gender equality and economic independence, in particular for women and young adults, Member States should facilitate the receipt of income support per person, rather than per household, without necessarily increasing the overall level of benefits per household. In addition, further measures are needed to ensure the assumption of the minimum income by single-parent households, mainly headed by women.
• Application procedures should be accessible, simplified and accompanied by user-friendly information.
• The minimum income application decision should be issued within 30 days of its submission, with the option to review that decision.
• Minimum income schemes should respond to socio-economic crises, for example by introducing further flexibility as regards eligibility.
Improving access to inclusive labor markets:
• Activation measures should provide sufficient incentives to (re) enter the labor market, with a particular focus on helping young adults.
• Minimum income schemes should help people find and keep a job, for example through inclusive education and training, as well as (post) placement support and mentoring.
• It should be possible to combine income support with earnings from work for shorter periods, for example during probation or internships.
Improve access to enabling and essential services:
• Beneficiaries should have effective access to quality enabling services, such as (health) care, training and education. Social inclusion services such as counseling and coaching should be available to those in need.
• Furthermore, beneficiaries should have continuous and effective access to essential services, such as energy.
Promote Personalized Support:
• Member States should carry out an individual and multidimensional needs assessment to identify the obstacles beneficiaries face to social inclusion and / or employment and the support needed to address them.
• On this basis, within three months of accessing the minimum income, beneficiaries should receive an inclusion plan that defines common goals, a timeline and a tailor-made support package to achieve this goal.
• Increase the effectiveness of the governance of social safety nets at EU, national, regional and local levels, as well as monitoring and reporting mechanisms.
EU funding is available to support Member States in improving their minimum income schemes and social infrastructure through reforms and investments.