Climate, in the Tuvalu Islands the days before disappearing are counted: a new homeland is sought for the 12 thousand inhabitants. The US and China are competing for the area

A paradise for decades and a struggle for the survival for which the Conferences of the United Nations on climate change. A paradise that is now located, along with several states of the Pacificat the center of a war of influence between United States And China. “TO Tuvaluwe are faced with an impending situation: the almost certainty of adefinitive flood“. To write these words, in a letter published by Timeis Kausea Natanprime minister of the Polynesian island state of Tuvalu, between the Hawaiian Islands and Australia. If it is now established that several Pacific nations will become uninhabitable by the end of this century, therefore no later than eighty years, for Tuvalu this scenario could come true in the next two or three decades. These islands, in fact, are located only a few meters above the sea ​​level. So practical solutions are sought: Natano, who has told the tragedy of the people about him even since glass palace of New York, is trying to save his country fromdrowningraising the ground from 4 to 5 meters above sea level through the quenching and tempering of the soil; but a new land is also sought, for example in Australiawhich can accommodate the twelve thousand inhabitants of this state and a way to ensure that their history and their culture are not lost forever.

The minister among the eligible candidates for the Nobel – The provocative video message sent to Cop 26 of Glasgow and in which Simon KofeTuvalu Minister of Justice, Foreign Affairs and Communication delivered his speech on the risks of sea level rise, dressed in jacket And necktiebut immersed in water until knees. And it is no coincidence that the name of Kofe is among the candidates for the Nobel prize for Peace – according to a poll Reuters – together, for example, with those of the Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelenskiy and the environmental activist Greta Thunberg. Because what is happening in Tuvalu, with the so-called ‘real tides’ that have repeatedly submerged even the landing strip of the airport, will affect – albeit in the coming decades – several nations deemed at risk.

The disaster has already begun for 12,000 people – “When theOcean rises, the salt water seeps into the flaps that provide our drinking water. The rise of the ocean brings higher tides and, with the intensity of the storm, our villages and fields are devastated “he tells the Time Prime Minister Natano. The floods, however, also leave the salt on ground: this reduces the yields and the vegetation. The prime minister describes the now inevitable scenario: “Houses, roads and power lines are being swept away and there is no higher ground on which to rebuild. Thus dies a atoll of the Pacific. Thus our islands will cease to exist ”. And he explains: “Tuvalu has not yet reached the end of this process salinization, destruction, decay and death. But we are well beyond the beginning ”. Given the situation, therefore, they arise major problems on what the fate of about 12 thousand people will be. On the sidelines ofGeneral Assembly of the United Nations which was held in late September in New York, the heads of state of Tuvalu and the Marshall Islands they launched the Rising Nations Initiativeto fill the current gaps in terms of awareness, legal frameworks and political commitment. In short, it is necessary to establish from now what will happen when the atolls of the Pacific they will disappear. And an agreement is requested for the transfer of the inhabitants in other states, where these peoples can keep theirs sovereignty and citizenship and where cultural integrity, human and economic capital and rights are recognized. A question not easy to solve, also because any intervention – dutiful – will represent a precedent for all countries at risk, where the climate crisis it will bring millions of displaced people.

Washington’s millions, a move in the war of influence between the US and China – In this historical moment, however, the Pacific States are at the center of a real one war of influence. On 28 and 29 September the president of the United States Joe Biden hosted the first in Washington Us-Pacific Summit, which was attended by twelve states of the Pacific islands. In addition to Tuvalu, too FijiMarshall Islands, MicronesiaPalau, Papua New Guinea, SamoaSolomon Islands, Tonga, Cook Islands, French Polynesia and New Caledonia. Everyone surrounds the China, which over the years has become the first commercial partner for many countries. The summit concluded with the approval of an 11-point document, which also talks about the impacts of the ‘geopolitical competition‘on countries and reads: “More and more those impacts include pressure and economic coercion by the People’s Republic of China, which risks undermining the peace, prosperity and security of the region and, by extension, of the United States ”. Moral: at the end of the summit Washington announced that it will provide over 810 million dollars over the next ten years to support the economic development of the Pacific islands, of which 130 million will go to the contrast of climate change. A way to mend the relationship with nations that for years have complained of the indifference of the United States but, above all, to strengthen the US presence in this area which for years has come to terms with the growing weight of Beijing. Washington did not move, however, until after the China which in April 2022 had signed a security agreement with the Solomon Islands (among the signatories of the Washington document) and last June he sent the foreign minister Wang Yi in the region to sign economic cooperation agreements in various sectors. An attempt, the latter, failed. One wonders who will earn the most from rapprochement between the USA and the Pacific, considering that the real game for these countries remains the one they have been losing at the Cop tables for years.

Waiting for Cop 27 – Tuvalu’s future will certainly be at the center of the discussions of the next conference to be held from 6 to 18 November 2022 a Sharm El Sheikh, in Egypt. The precedents, however, do not tell anything good: it was the year 2009, in fact, when at the conference on the climate of Copenhagen Tuvalu delegates launched the first international appeal to theUn, calling for a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. Since then the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere has increased. And at Cop 26 last year the rich nations rejected the proposals of developing countries asking for a new way to deal with losses and costs (‘loss and damage’) caused by the climate crisis, postponing the problem to a three-year negotiation in view of future agreements. The first step in this direction, among the UN countries, was Denmark: it will pay more 13 million dollars (100 million Danish crowns) to support developing countries that have suffered losses caused by the changes climatic. Only Scotland and the region of Wallonia, in Belgium, they had allocated funds to pay for the damage caused in the poorest countries by extreme events. The Secretary General of the United Nations Antonio Guterres instead he urged rich countries to tax unexpected profits fossil fuel companies and use that money to compensate for “countries that suffer losses and damage caused by climate crisis“.

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About Banner Leon

Videogames entered his life in the late '80s, at the time of the first meeting with Super Mario Bros, and even today they make it a permanent part, after almost 30 years. Pros and defects: he manages to finish Super Mario Bros in less than 5 minutes but he has never finished Final Fight with a credit ... he's still trying.

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