In a discussion with Deputy Minister Marcin Horała, MP of Poland 2050 Paulina Hennig-Kloska stated that in Poland there had been “no progress for six years” in reducing the share of energy produced from coal. The data shows something else – but in this case the numbers have to be looked at a bit differently.
The issue of energy sources – especially in view of the observed climate changes or gas prices – has recently been one of the main political topics of discussion. On January 2, the guests of “Coffee on the bench” on TVN24 talked about electricity production in Poland. Opposition politicians accused the United Right government of inhibiting the development of energy production from renewable sources.
During the discussion, Paulina Hennig-Kloska, MP of the Polska 2050 movement, addressing Deputy Minister of Infrastructure Marcin Horała, said: “Our share of production [energii] from coal is still at 70 percent. No progress in six years, Minister. And that’s the truth. Highest in Europe “.
Hennig-Kloska: Our production share [energii] from coal is still at the level of 70 percent. Video: tvn24
To this, Deputy Minister Horała reacted: “Not true, there are a few gigawatts more from RES” (renewable energy sources – ed.).
So, was the MP from Ruch 2050 right when she spoke of “no progress” in reducing energy production from coal in Poland? Data on this subject are regularly published by energy management monitoring institutions. They show that, in recent years, the amount of energy produced from coal has decreased – but in the context of achieving the goal of declining from coal, this is almost no change.
Decrease in energy production from coal in 2015-2020
In February 2021, the media discussed Instrat foundation data based on information from the Energy Market Agency. The data showed that the share of hard coal and lignite in the production of electricity in Poland in 2020 dropped below 70%. The share of hard coal was in the order of 45%, and lignite – 24.5%. For comparison: a year earlier, the share of coal exceeded 73%.
The Energy Market Agency provided us with its own data from 2015-2020. They show that in those years the share of coal in energy production decreased by 10.9%. In 2015, 79 percent. electricity was produced from hard coal and lignite (approximate values). In the following years, the share of energy produced from coal gradually decreased: in 2016 it amounted to 78%; in 2017 and 2018 – 77 percent; in 2019 – 72 percent; in 2020 – 68 percent That is, contrary to the opinion of Paulina Hennig-Kloski, in the last six years the use of coal in energy production has been reduced by nearly 11 percent.
According to the data of the Energy Market Agency, in 2015, 14% of electricity was produced from renewable sources in Poland. energy (22 679 GWh), and in 2020 – 18 percent. (28,227 GWh).
Statistics that can be found on the websites of institutions dealing with energy show a similar downward trend. And so, according to a study by the Ember think-tank, in 2020 the share of coal in the total electricity production in Poland was 70 percent – by 9 percent. less than in 2015. In turn, the Fraunhofer Society informs that in 2015 the share of electricity, including hard coal and lignite, in Poland was 87%, in 2020 it decreased to 75%. – but in 2021 it increased to 76 percent.
Hennig-Kloska: let’s look at the goals that Poland is to achieve
We presented some of this data to Paulina Hennig-Kloska, noting that it did not support her thesis of “no progress” in the last six years. In response, the deputy argues that the government’s actions to limit the energy produced from coal are insufficient. “Progress in moving away from coal in favor of increasing the share of energy from zero-emission sources should be compared with the goals facing Poland,” writes Hennig-Kloska.
The deputy resembles the government’s strategic document “Poland’s Energy Policy until 2040”. It assumes that more than half of the installed capacity in Poland is to be zero-emission sources, and the share of coal in the energy consumption structure should not exceed 28%. “We are a black spot on the map of Europe, in the EU today as much as 2/3 of electricity comes from clean sources, and the progress in this area is much greater” – comments Paulina Hennig-Kloska. He calls the government’s achievements in this area “insufficient”. The ruling party is accusing the halt of projects increasing the share of energy produced from renewable sources.
Expert: Small drops in goals
Is the statement of the deputy about “no progress” in limiting the energy produced from coal therefore justified?
– This is generally true – says Jakub Wiech, deputy editor-in-chief of the portal Energetyka24. He calls the decreases in the share of energy produced from coal in the generation energy mix recorded in the last few years “insignificant”. – These are negligible drops in terms of our goals – he explains. He reminds that Poland has the highest share of coal in energy production in the entire European Union. – We have roughly three times the intensity of emissions compared to the European average – he argues. He admits that some gas and photovoltaic power have been put into operation in recent years. – These are the only changes in the power system in the last five years – he concludes.
On January 3, in “Rozmowa Piaseckiego” on TVN24, former Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Economy Janusz Steinhoff argued that the current increases in electricity prices “are largely due to ourselves”. – We have this energy mix and no other. We have the dominance of one energy carrier, or actually two: hard coal and lignite. Last year, 80 percent of our energy was produced from these two sources, and the costs of emissions are incredibly high, he explained.
Steinhoff: We pointed out that we need to speed up the conversion of our energy mix Video: tvn24
“As analysts, we pointed out that the costs of emissions would rise, that we needed to accelerate the conversion of our energy mix, that we had to develop renewable energy sources. And what did the current government do? land “- said Steinhoff.
Data from the Ember think-tank confirm that Poland has the highest share of coal in energy production among the European Union countries – according to this source, it is 70%. The Czech Republic is in second place – 40 percent; Bulgaria in third place – 33 percent
Author: Krzysztof Jabłonowski
Source: Konkret24, Tvn24.pl, PAP; photo: Shutterstock