“The scale of the shortage of power reserves is significant and exceeds 1000 megawatts in some hours”, write Polskie Sieci Elektroenergetyczne in the release. After the weekend, so many generating units were put into operation in the country that it suddenly turned out that we lacked the power reserve.
PSE adds that not only the higher demand, but also the capacity in the system were lower. They explain this with a lower generation of electricity from wind and emergency and repair shutdowns of several generating units.
Polska Grupa Energetyczna has stopped one of its 905-megawatt coal-fired units in Opole from Monday to December 23 at midnight, according to an application filed with Entsoe, the European association of grid operators. The 566 MW coal-fired unit at Kozienice power plant also remained shut down after an unscheduled shutdown over the weekend.
PSE took advantage of the international agreement. “At the request of PSE assistance was provided by system operators from Lithuania, Sweden, Germany and Ukraine“- stated in the press release. The tense situation in our energy system is to repeat itself on Tuesday.
“Sweden launched a back-up oil-fired power plant after Poland said it needed help from its neighbors to meet rising electricity demand as freezing weather spread across Europe,” writes Bloomberg.
See also: Energy alarm. “There will be no electricity in five years”
The Karlshamn power plant, which is part of the winter reserve, was put into operation after Poland asked for help to cover its 1,700 megawatt deficit for several hours on Monday, the Swedish network manager said in a statement. Both countries are connected by a direct 600 megawatt link, Bloomberg reports.
The text continues below the video
– Even if Sweden has relatively high consumption on Monday, it will be possible to support Poland – said Pontus de Mare, head of operations at Svenska Kraftnat in a statement.
As the portal Wysokienapiecie.pl writes already on Thursday, December 2, Polish power plants worked with highest load ever. For a moment it was even 27,562 GW. This is more than the current record from February 12 this year, i.e. 27,088 MW. Except that previously records were broken in January and February, when temperatures drop well below zero, and now we are talking about December and temperatures still around zero.
Blackout without Turnow?
In this situation, the judgment of the CJEU on the closure of the mine in Turów becomes of additional importance. The implementation of the judgment would force the shutdown of electricity production by the power plant that uses Turowski coal.
Its inclusion in the system caused that from the end of August, we turned from an importer to a permanent exporter of energy. Even on Sunday we had a surplus of exports over imported energy.
After October, the balance of the system was as follows.
The whole situation shows how necessary it is in Poland to build nuclear power plants that will provide a stable energy supply. At the same time, it is dangerous to rely on renewable power plants, which depend on the vagaries of nature, i.e. wind and sunlight.
In a situation of pressure on electricity from coal through the prices of CO2 emission allowances, coal-fired power plants become unprofitable and the economy needs more and more energy. Connections with neighboring countries allow us to balance the system, but imported electricity is much more expensive. The lack of energy may turn out to be a development barrier for Poland in the coming years.
On Monday, electricity prices on the TGE exchange in Poland reached record level. The base price was PLN 1,084.61 per megawatt hour. Converted to euro, it is 233.08.
Until recently, due to the escalation of gas prices, we had the cheapest electricity in Europe. On Monday, lower prices were already paid in: the Netherlands, Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Spain, Portugal and Greece, according to data from the Energy Live website. On the other hand, the wholesale prices of energy in the Baltic states and Finland are twice as high as in Poland, the Nord Pool service reports. In the first place, energy prices will hit business, but in December the ERO will also consider applications for tariff increases for households.