Most of us rarely think about the term median. We learn it in maths lessons in primary school and then we often forget. If someone does not remember, we remind them. The median is the middle value of an ordered sequence of numbers. In the case of earnings, this means that half of Poles earn less, and half of Poles more than its value.
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The CSO publishes data on the median only every two years, because it is a very expensive study, and the processing of the data collected during it takes a long time (months).
In October 2018, the median earnings were PLN 4,094.98 gross. The latest publication of the office (Monday 22/11/2021) shows that in October 2020 the median earnings in Poland amounted to PLN 4,702.66 gross. That is about PLN 3403 net – “on hand”. For comparison, the average remuneration in October 2020 was PLN 5,748.24 gross.
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Economists have repeatedly noticed that the median is better information about the wealth of Poles than the arithmetic average published every month. Because the average is disturbed by the highest and the lowest wages.
It should be remembered that the data of the Central Statistical Office include only people who work in companies (institutions and offices) employing more than 10 people. Therefore, they do not include the smallest companies, which often earn less. For obvious reasons, they also do not include Poles who work in the shadow economy.
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