By the end of the year, we will probably have 1 million photovoltaic installations. Annual losses related to the current system of settlements with prosumers may reach PLN 1 billion – said Deputy Minister of Climate and Environment Ireneusz Zyska on Wednesday in the Senate.
- Ireneusz Zyska stated that Poland must implement, inter alia, a directive that requires all producers to pay for transmission.
- And prosumers are not charged with such fees. Most prosumers pay 20 percent to store energy in the system, while all calculations indicate that it costs 40 percent. – He said.
- With 1 million prosumers – and this is the number we will probably have by the end of the year – the annual losses will amount to PLN 1 billion. This is the difference between the cost of energy storage and the cost of prosumers, he added.
On Wednesday, the Senate discussed the MP’s bill on renewable energy sources, the main goal of which is to change the current system of billing for energy with prosumers.
“We can no longer treat the power grid as a virtual storage from which energy can be obtained even 12 months after its production. The discount model was excellent, but it has exhausted its formula. Today, in accordance with what EU directives require and what has been implemented in other countries, we need a sales model, called net billing, “Ireneusz Zyska, Deputy Minister of Climate and Environment, said in the Senate.
He stated that Poland must implement, inter alia, a directive that requires all producers to pay for transmission.
“And prosumers are not burdened with such fees. Most prosumers pay 20 percent for energy storage in the system, while all calculations indicate that it costs 40 percent of the cost of 1 kWh of energy sold” – said the deputy finance minister.
He added that the Sejm has postponed the entry into force of the deputies’ act to April 1, 2022.
“We cannot postpone the deadlines again, because with 1 million prosumers – and we will probably have this number by the end of the year – the annual losses will reach PLN 1 billion. This is the difference between the costs of energy storage and the costs incurred by prosumers. This difference is covered by everyone” – he added. Profits.
He assessed that the new solutions still allow prosumers to make considerable savings.
“In the new system, the 5.6 kWp installation allows for savings of PLN 1.5-1.6 thousand annually in relation to a farm that does not have such an installation. The prosumer will be able to use the funds accumulated on an individual account within 12 months. If it does not use them, it means that the installation is either oversized or the farm does not use energy. The new billing system allows to achieve the basic goal of the prosumer activity, that is to reduce energy costs “- added Zyska.
The Sejm amended the RES Act at the end of October this year, introducing a new billing system for prosumers – net billing. According to it, prosumers will sell the surplus energy introduced to the grid at a certain price, and they will pay for the energy consumed like other consumers.
Pursuant to the new regulation, net billing will apply from April 1, 2022. All those who will become prosumers by the effective date of the act will be billed according to the current rules – in the discount system – for 15 years.
Net billing predicts that prosumers will sell surplus energy fed into the grid, and will pay for the consumed energy just like other electricity consumers. They will also incur distribution fees, from 15 percent. discount on distribution variable charges for energy fed into the grid and stored there by persons and entities other than entrepreneurs.
Settlement in the net billing system is to take place within 12 months. The prosumer will have a deposit – a register of funds kept on a monthly basis and will be able to pay for the consumed energy from there. The energy value to be deposited is for the time being calculated on the basis of the monthly average price. The prosumer is not to pay VAT or PIT on the energy fed into the grid. However, by drawing energy from the grid, it will pay part of the distribution fees, RES and cogeneration fees, as well as excise duty and VAT.
Today, prosumers producing energy in installations up to 10 kWp pay a fee of 1 to 0.8. For one unit of energy fed into the grid, they can download 0.8 for free. For larger installations (above 10 kWp) this ratio is 1 to 0.7. It is a net metering system that uses the discount mechanism. Settlement is made in semi-annual periods. Prosumers do not pay part of the distribution fees for using the network.