How are energy consumers supported in Europe?

As part of the so-called of the anti-inflationary package, the government announced on Thursday a temporary reduction of the VAT rate for electricity and gas – from 23 percent. at 5 and 8 percent, respectively, the elimination of excise duty on electricity for households and lowering it to the minimum level in the EU for other consumers. Subsidies in the amount of PLN 400-1150 per year for farms with lower incomes have also been announced.

The list prepared by Crido includes – apart from Poland – 15 European countries that have introduced or are planning to introduce various support measures for energy consumers.

As it appears from it, in the Czech republic From November 1 to the end of the year, the government abandoned the VAT on electricity and gas. It is planned to extend this solution to 2022.

In Italy gas prices have been frozen, and until the end of the year, a reduced, 5 percent, can be applied. VAT rate for gas.

Netherlands They plan to increase the standard energy tax reduction to 230 euros in 2022 and lower the rate in the first segment of this tax, which is expected to give an average household a saving of 200 euros per month.

In Spain until the end of the year, it is reduced from 5% up to 0.5 percent excise tax on electricity, and the VAT rate for energy consumers fell from 21 to 10 percent. In addition, the government exempted from paying VAT on produced electricity.

In North Macedonia by June 30, 2022, recipients pay 5 percent VAT on electricity, a rate of 10% is to apply by mid-2023, and then – the standard rate, 18%.

great Britain has an energy subsidy fund of £ 500m.

In Estonia 50 percent apply subsidies to fees charged by energy suppliers, a reduction in VAT on electricity from 20 to 9 percent is also considered.

In Belgium the group of entitled persons from the so-called social electricity tariff.

France froze electricity prices, and in December it plans to pay 100 euro to consumers with monthly income below 2 thousand. euro.

In Latvia from 2022, less affluent households will receive EUR 15-20 a month to help pay their bills, while Lithuania will introduce restrictions on heat rises and the possibility of spreading gas bills over 5 years from next year. In Lithuania, the introduction of 5 percent. VAT on electricity and heat.

In Germany from next year, the so-called EEG-Umlage, i.e. the RES fee – from 6.5 to 3.7 euro cents per kWh. A complete waiver of charging this fee is also considered.

In Cyprus, there is a reduction from 19 to 5 percent. VAT rates for electricity for selected groups.

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In Greece households receive a monthly compensation of EUR 18 for the first 300 kWh consumed per month, while consumers using the social tariff receive EUR 24.

Romania, on the other hand administratively determined the prices of electricity and gas, and households consuming up to 350 kWh of electricity or 200 cubic meters per month. gas will be subsidized. These measures are expected to run until March 31, 2022.


About Eric Wilson

The variety offered by video games never ceases to amaze him. He loves OutRun's drifting as well as the contemplative walks of Dear Esther. Immersing himself in other worlds is an incomparable feeling for him: he understood it by playing for the first time in Shenmue.

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