Mexico City. Airports, ports and railways, all strategic infrastructure have been placed under the control of the armed forces, resulting in spending by the secretariats of the Ministry of Defense (Sedena) and the Navy (Semar) accounting for one-tenth of the joint budget. According to official information, spending by federal agencies decreased, while spending allocated to other parts of the executive branch decreased.
According to public data from the Ministry of Finance, the armed forces have continued to participate in the public sector budget, with companies and infrastructure such as the Maya train and airport integrated under its command.
Treasury data show that in 2019, the first year of this administration, Sedna and the Navy spent 10.6 pesos for every 100 pesos of executive branch spending. Last year, this participation was slightly lower at 10.1%, while other agencies such as the Secretariat for Infrastructure, Communications and Transport (SICT) saw lower participation.
Last year, Sedena and Semar were respectively the fourth and sixth agencies that spent the most beyond the budget approved by Congress at the beginning of the year: a total of 55,000 to 47 million pesos, which increased their combined spending by 35.8%, according to the Treasury Department.
For the Army, P111,911.64 million was approved in the 2023 budget, but the final authorized expenditure for the year was P151,179.9 million; the Navy’s resources also increased to P57657.8 million from the originally budgeted P41878.1 million, the tax report showed.
Injecting resources into the armed forces is beyond budget. Compared with 2019 (the first year of this government), Sedna’s expenditures actually increased by 12.2%, from 106.629 billion pesos to 151.1799 billion pesos last year. In addition to incorporating into its structure the Airports, Railroads, Ancillary and Related Services Group, Olmeca-Maya-Mexico; trains to the Maya; the agency’s portion of Felipe Angeles International Airport and Aeromexico Districts made cuts.
In the case of Semar, spending actually increased by 37.8% to 57.6578 billion pesos from 33.9979 billion pesos in 2019, as this reliance has become the protection of airports, ports and railways. administrative.
Most of the assets consolidated into Semar by this government came from SICT, whose participation in administrative expenditures decreased from 5.3% to 3.5% of total expenditures. First there was the Merchant Marine, which marked the departure of Javier Jiménez Espriú, the first Minister of Transport of this administration; then there was the Tehuantepec Isthmian Railway, with Tehuantepec Different companies in the transoceanic corridor of the Isthmus of Ventepec are also controlled by the navy.
last year, though in fact In line with the decision of the current administration, the Mariners have begun operating the Mexico City International Airport, and the Mexico City Airport Group has handed over budget control to the Navy, providing the Navy with the concession of the international airport in addition to the Benito Juárez right. Toluca; Matamoros, Tamaulipas; Loreto, Baja California Sur; Guaymas-Sonora; and Colima, Ciudad del Carmen, Campeche; and Ciudad Obregon .
In order to maintain the 10% administrative budget limit for 2019, the military has implemented austerity policies in some areas. For example, until last year, in Sedna, the expenditures of the General Directorate of War Materials were reduced by 69%; in Semar, the resources of the Unit for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights were reduced by 53.9%.