On the Validity of Juan Bautista Alberdi’s Ideas in Argentina’s Foreign Policy

Today, Lawyer's Day is celebrated in our country as an occasion to celebrate the birth of Juan Bautista Alberdi.
Today, Lawyer’s Day is celebrated in our country as an occasion to celebrate the birth of Juan Bautista Alberdi.

“It is important that the South American republics convince themselves of a truth essential to their destiny: that their foreign policy, diplomacy, is the true political economy, art, public and private wealth. is the secret of

Juan Bautista Alberdi, Foreign Policy of the Argentine Republic.Posthumous manuscript, Volume 3

We are collectively living in restless times. We look forward to a democratic transition that will return the Republic to the trajectory of development and democratic progress envisioned by our founding fathers.

new birthday John Baptist Alberdi It demands that the legitimacy of his legacy of thought and work be salvaged.

Alberdi is a plural person. There are several concentric alberdi. He is a theorist, aesthetician, scientist, prophet, diplomat, polemicist, constitutionalist, economist and journalist. It included the existence of American international law, the international rights of the individual, the principles of intervention for humanitarian reasons, the preservation of visionaries who knew how to anticipate a wide range of topics beyond the times in which they knew how to live. A bright person should be added. Peace Operations, Globalization (as he called it) human world) and national interdependence.

Alberdi was an extraordinary multifaceted thinker and a man of action. As an example of a Renaissance man for the breadth of his subject, he wrote at the age of 22: spirit of music and the Essay on a new way to play piano the easiest. But music was not only the epitome’s focus, he was also a composer. His international thought is primarily documented in his three fundamental works on literature and contemporary political science. His one of them is volume 3 of his book. suicide note There he reflects on the foreign policy of the Argentine Republic.in war crimes and Report on the Convenience and Purpose of the American General Assemblyread lectures before the University of Chile Faculty of Law to obtain a postgraduate degree.

He was also the first Union diplomat to be accredited in Europe from 1865 to 1862. In that state, he always privileged the defense of national interests. Mr Alberdi said his honorable diplomatic objective was not limited to maintaining friendly relations with the European Court, but rather to affirm national interests and sovereignty before the Court. .

Equipped with great intellect, political, social and cultural sensitivity, and extensive experience and knowledge of the important issues of his time, he considered diverse and relevant issues such as hemispheric integration and regionalism. . globalization. Human Rights; Peaceful Concepts of International Relations. peacekeeping operations. Individuals as international actors. Humanitarian Intervention…and therefore this is the modern course of action for understanding and dealing with the complex situation of this his 21st century. Juan Bautista Alberdi based his thinking on universal values, so his works, thoughts and actions are still valid today.

He was ahead of his time and had modern notions of diplomacy and international politics.

in war crimesAlberdi, his magnum opus on international politics, clearly defines where the quest for and acquisition of peace lies. he says: “Peace does not exist in treaties or in the text of international law. is.”

The advocacy and support for human rights and human dignity were central to the ideals of the Alvards.in war crimes“After all, the human individual is the elemental unit of the whole human society, and all rights, however collective and general, are ultimately resolved as human rights. When the international rights of one or more individuals of a State, i.e. members of human society, have been violated, even by their own governments, they can invoke international law to make demands on the world. Let him respect his people, even if it goes against his government.”

"My Bases book is a work of action", described Alberdi on the first page.it would endorse the constitution sanctioned in 1853
“My base book is a work of action,” explained Alberdi on its first page.it would endorse the constitution sanctioned in 1853

A modern approach to the subject, which was largely neglected in the nineteenth century, is of undeniable predominance in the twenty-first century, and is one of the characteristic manifestations of Arbadian thought, which has become one of the most guides its foreign policy.

Juan Bautista Alberdi wrote in 1844: Report on the Convenience and Purpose of the American General AssemblyIt clearly reflects his integrationist and Americanist vision. In this book, Alberdi not only endorses the importance of addressing the expansion of the nation’s horizons towards continental space, but also lays the foundation for what would become the Pan-American System. “It will also be the most effective means of establishing a continental balance on which to base our private or private international policy. Let us understand what it should be, and it must come from leveling the supremacy of commerce, navigation and transportation, the new great benefit of American life, beyond the weight and balance of our military might. In the crusade of industry and commerce which our country is called upon to foster in the future, nothing but the arms of industry and commerce, so long as the greatest equality of power and superiority is established as far as possible. Once wealth is balanced, it is also necessary to balance territories not as a means of military superiority, but as part of them,” he notes.

In 1855 Juan B. Alberdi left for Europe to take up the office of Minister Plenipotentiary and Chargé d’Affaires ad interim to Spain, France, England and the Holy See. During his trip to Europe, he stopped in the United States and visited New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, and Boston.

He met with the Attorney General on June 12. Caleb Cushing, and exposes the dangers of the doctrine of free river navigation entrusted in treaties with the United States. This indicates that the policy of this country, indirectly supporting the rebellion in Buenos Aires, will restore the principle and force of resistance to freedom of the rivers and preserve that freedom which is the basis of all political institutions. It shows that profits are recovering. Cushing then asked Alberdi if he would like to meet with the president at 8 p.m. Juan Bautista Alberdi and Cushing then entered the White House to meet the president. franklin pierce. Alberdi points out about the episode: “I was introduced to him and he sat next to me. I got it.” As an anecdote, I remember on January 20, 1959, the President: Arturo Frondigi became the first president to make an official visit to the United States Dwight Eisenhower At Washington National Airport.

I would like to conclude by salvaging the relevance of the modernity of Juan Bautista Alberdi’s ideas and the need to conduct a foreign policy grounded in traditions, interests and values ​​that go back to his ideology.

– Resolutely defend the principles and national interests that promote prosperity and modernity.

– Resolutely defend democratic values. human rights and human dignity. Norms and principles of international law and peaceful coexistence.

– Regional integration and free trade.

– Globalized inserts: people and the world.

The many faces of Juan Bautista Alberdi:

– Diplomacy is dialogue, conversation and negotiation.

– Open-minded, curious and open-minded: what to explore, what to disseminate, to explain, to disseminate.

– Preparation and avoidance of improvisation: Alberdi, an experienced negotiator, recognizes that all managers, formal or informal, must be thoroughly prepared with clear foundations and objectives. Masu.

Items to inquire about in the US This is the title of a chapter in the sixteenth book of Alberdi’s posthumous work, in which Alberdi wrote his own instructions to know what to look for and what to offer. Maximize and Compatibility.

Continue reading:

Alberdi and his liberal nature
The Life of Alberdi: Childhood with Belgrano, Basic Texts of the Constitution, and Death in Exile
The Controversy Over Millais and Alberdi: Who Owns Libertarian Ideas?

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