Real Multilateralism Vs. Hypocritical Multilateralism Millennium Group

President Xi Jinping at the first China-Central Asia Summit in Shanxi Province. Xinhua

The concept of multilateralism in modern international relations, born in the smoke and ruins of two world wars, is the product of summarizing the lessons of human history with the aim of avoiding a repetition of the tragedies. For decades, multilateralism has underpinned the international system with the United Nations, the international order based on international law and the basic norms of international relations based on the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, playing an important role in policy and coordination between countries. Positive role in promoting peace, mediating conflicts and differences and responding to global challenges.

At present, adherence to multilateralism has become the general consensus of the international community, but there are still countries that gather factions under the banner of multilateralism with the essence of practicing unilateralism and with the aim of enforcing its “primacy”. form a countercurrent. For world peace and development.

“Bloc” and “bloque”, two similar words in Spanish, perfectly summarize two features of this hypocritical multilateralism. Although more than 30 years have passed since the end of the Cold War, intergroup conflicts and bloc politics have not yet ended. International trade barriers and unilateral sanctions still persist, and from time to time the strong are trampled upon by the weak.

Looking back at history, countries that seek to benefit themselves at the expense of others are doomed to failure. In 478 BC, in order to establish hegemony, Athens established the Delian League under the pretext of preventing a Persian invasion, excluding Sparta, which was equal in strength, from the alliance, and imposed a naval blockade, harassment and embargo against it. which led directly to the Peloponnesian War, where Athens suffered a devastating defeat and has since accelerated its decline.

“One tree does not make a forest, one wire does not make music.” [i] The essence of genuine multilateralism is that world affairs should be resolved through consultation among all, and the fate of the world is decided by all countries. China adheres to true multilateralism and is committed to serving as a builder of world peace, a contributor to global development and a defender of international order. In recent years, facing increasing global challenges, China has creatively put forward a series of new ideas and new proposals, which have received positive support from the international community.

The Global Development Initiative (IDG) adheres to the concepts of putting development first and people first, and helps implement the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Initiative for Global Security (ISG) advocates the concept of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security and a new path to security characterized by dialogue rather than confrontation, partnership rather than alliance and win-win rather than zero-sum games Is. The Global Civilization Initiative (GCI) promotes the common values ​​of all humanity and provides solutions to promote exchange and mutual learning among civilizations and advance the progress of human civilization. The Belt and Road Initiative focuses on international economic cooperation, upholds the principle of joint consultation, joint creation and sharing, and transmits energy to world development and prosperity.

These four initiatives form “One Platform and Three Pillars” for the realization of the concept of a community with a shared future for humanity, an open, inclusive, clean, beautiful world of lasting peace, universal security and prosperity. Underlines the brilliant vision. shared. China looks forward to continuing to work with all countries, including Mexico, to move forward hand in hand toward this goal.

[i] An ancient Chinese proverb means that a person’s power is limited. Big success can be achieved only by relying on the power of collectivity.

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