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Summary of the war between Israel and Hamas for Sunday, January 7, 2024

Three months after the war between Israel and Hamas began, we look back at the conflict’s key moments

A Palestinian child cries next to his mother as he was taken to Al-Nasser Hospital after an Israeli attack in Khan Younis, southern Gaza, on November 13, 2023.  (Photo: Mohammed Salem/Reuters).

A Palestinian child cries next to his mother as he was taken to Al-Nasser Hospital after an Israeli attack in Khan Younis, southern Gaza, on November 13, 2023. (Photo: Mohammed Salem/Reuters).

Three months on from a devastating Hamas attack that sparked Israel’s war in Gaza, the deadly fighting has created a severe humanitarian crisis in the region.

According to Israeli authorities, Hamas militants launched a brutal attack on Israel on October 7, killing about 1,200 people and taking more than 200 hostages, after which the Israeli army began its offensive on the Palestinian enclave.

According to the Hamas-run health ministry, more than 22,700 Gazans have died in the three months since the attack.

Here are some key moments of the conflict:

October 7: Hamas attacks. Hamas suddenly launched an attack on October 7, which was the largest terrorist attack in Israel’s history. At least 1,500 Hamas fighters have used paragliders to cross the Israeli border by land, sea and air. Soon after, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said Israel was “in a state of war.”

October 9: Israel orders a “total siege” of Gaza. Two days later, Netanyahu said the Israeli military would attack Hamas with “unprecedented” force aimed at destroying the extremist organization.

October 13: The exodus is increasing. The Israeli military stepped up response measures and ordered 1.1 million people in northern Gaza to evacuate their homes immediately. The United Nations estimates that as many as 1.9 million people have been displaced since the conflict began.

On October 13, 2023, Palestinians fled to safer areas of Gaza City after an Israeli airstrike.  (Photo: Mahmud Hams/AFP/Getty Images).

On October 13, 2023, Palestinians fled to safer areas of Gaza City after an Israeli airstrike. (Photo: Mahmud Hams/AFP/Getty Images).

October 17th: Hundreds of people die in Gaza hospital. A deadly explosion destroyed Gaza’s Ahli Baptist Hospital, which houses thousands of displaced people. CNN found that the explosion was most likely caused by a malfunctioning rocket fired by Palestinian militants, rather than an Israeli attack.

October 27: Israel expands ground offensive. The Israel Defense Forces have announced they are “expanding ground operations” in Gaza after a war largely fought from the air.

November 15th: Attack on Al-Shifa Hospital. Israel has launched a “targeted” operation against Hamas inside Gaza’s largest hospital, where thousands of Palestinians are believed to have taken refuge. During the fighting, conditions in the hospital deteriorated rapidly. The attack sparked international criticism.

November 24th: The truce begins. After days of serious negotiations, a truce was reached between Israel and Hamas and fighting was suspended. Hostages held in Gaza are being released daily as part of the ceasefire.

December 1: The truce breaks down. A week later, Israeli forces resumed fighting with Hamas in Gaza, accusing the group of violating the terms of the truce. Israel’s focus began to shift from northern Gaza to southern Gaza.

December 15th: The hostages were killed in the botched attack. Israeli soldiers shot and killed three Israeli hostages in northern Gaza after mistaking them for a threat. The Israel Defense Forces said the shooting violated its rules of engagement and the soldiers involved would face disciplinary action.

January 1st: Israel announced a partial withdrawal of troops. On New Year’s Day, Israel announced that it would soon begin withdrawing thousands of troops from Gaza in preparation for a new phase of the conflict, although a senior official warned that he expected fighting to continue throughout the year.

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