Mental health and physical health are closely related as a healthy mind allows the body to function better and a healthy body in turn leads to emotional well-being and thus avoids diseases that affect humans.
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as “a state of physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”.
Dr. Deisy Figueredo is a psychiatrist at the Integrated Diagnostic and Therapeutic Evaluation Center (UDETI) in Puerto Cabello, Carabobo state, north-central Venezuela. american diary Pointing out that human beings are a biopsychosocial individual, “this means that there are biological, psychological and social components that influence people. Therefore, if a person does not have emotional well-being due to states such as anxiety and stress due to different situations, the body will suffer negative consequences Influence.”
How do emotions affect physical health?
Research shows that poor emotional health weakens the immune system, making the body more susceptible to physical illness during emotionally difficult times.
Apart from, Mental illnesses such as anxiety, stress and depression can negatively impact physical health It can even increase the occurrence of serious diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and obesity.
According to the American Heart Association (AHA), lMental health can have a positive or negative impact on a person’s health and risk factors for heart disease and stroke.
Figueiredo emphasized Today, the digestive system is called the second brain” Today, the mind-body relationship is no longer cold. On a biological level, brain neurotransmitters are the same as those in our digestive system, which means that any condition or change in the function of these neurotransmitters affects Digestive system.”
“It’s been shown that everyone who has symptoms of anxiety or depression has symptoms that manifest at the gastrointestinal level, or have persistent headaches and body aches,” he added.
Likewise, he explained that brain neurotransmitters change during mental health disorders such as anxiety and depression “because the brain is an organ, and if it doesn’t produce stable and well-functioning neurotransmitters,” these psychological conditions can result. Disease ultimately affects physical health. “
Mood disorders and unhealthy lifestyle habits can affect both emotional and physical health.. Experts say maintaining optimal health requires adopting a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet, exercise, optimal sleep and stress management techniques.
Additionally, they emphasized the importance of cultivating positive emotions, reducing negative emotions, and seeking professional help when necessary.
In this regard, experts said In addition to emotional and social work, physical exercise such as walking, running, or jogging is recommended. “Exercise reduces a hormone called cortisol, which helps the body respond to stress, and when we worry, stress increases.”
“Along with exercise, you also need to eat properly. When we don’t provide enough nutrients to our brains and bodies, there are psychological and physical consequences,” he continued.
In this sense, he emphasized In order to have good emotional health, it is crucial to have a healthy lifestyle and avoid risk factors for physical illness. Mental problems, such as overeating, junk food abuse, or alcohol abuse, can lead to health and family problems.
To replenish the physical component, psychiatrists add, there are also activities like meditation and yoga that can help you reflect, connect your mind and body, and improve your emotional and physical health.
Treatment and Treatment
Figueiredo also noted that to improve emotional health, medical care from specialists such as psychiatrists is also important, with appropriate medication that can correct changes in neurotransmitters in the brain that lead to conditions such as anxiety or depression.
At the same time, he mentioned that it was crucial Add psychotherapy to replenish biological components, This may come from experiences that triggered these mental illnesses. “Now, when anxiety or depression is mild, it can be improved with mild psychotherapy by treating only the cause or social situation, which may include overwork, interpersonal or financial conflict, etc.”
Dangers of stress
Psychiatrists also explained Stress, along with poor diet, sedentary lifestyle and family history, are some of the risk factors for the development of mental illness, affecting emotional health and ultimately having physical consequences..
Social and psychological stress is an emotional response that can trigger physical consequences and exacerbate a variety of diseases and disorders, such as stroke, cortisol release, and blood sugar levels.
Likewise, it can interfere with sleep patterns, which can lead to the progression of these physical and mental health problems. Lack of sleep has long been linked to obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, reduced immune function, and psychiatric conditions such as depression and anxiety.
Finally, Figueiredo assures You can’t separate your mind from your body“, “If we don’t have a balance between biology, psychology and society, the consequences will be not only a psychological pathology, but also a medical pathology. Because, when we are healthy, we enjoy higher levels of happiness and positive emotions, whereas when we are sick, we tend to worry and become depressed. “
fountain: Information and interviews from Mejor Con Salud