The first thing that strikes you about the Meloni government – at least a long-time political and economic reporter like the writer – is the lexicon. It is Government No. 78 of the Republic and belongs to a “coalition” like most of the Governments of the first and so-called second Republic. It is the first government headed by a woman. It is the first government of the “right” or of the “right” in the history of the Republic and that is, it is made up of political forces that did not participate in the drafting of the Constitutional Charter in 1948 but – to use a euphemism – “they took note of it”. To tell the world, in the “information society” where the news travels on the Net, that it is a “right” government – as in the second half of the 21st century the right must be understood – President Meloni announces, with the names of the 24 Ministers, the change of the denomination of some fundamental Ministries with or without “portfolio”. The most notable change is that of the Ministry of Education to which the term is added “Merit” and from which already years ago, at the time of the liberal wave, the feminine adjective “public” was deleted. to that ofAgriculture is added “Food Sovereignty” and at “Equal opportunities” is added “Natality”. Eight Ministries out of 24 change their formal and bureaucratic denomination.
These changes of denomination – so openly reactionary – are intended to represent the Political Manifesto of the right and are so far the most striking thing of the political change taking place in Italy. A turning point that President Meloni has kept in store because no information has leaked out in the approximately thirty days of formulation of the Government. THE average – printed paper, TV And web – they went in pursuit of the new candidates for the composition of the Meloni government but no one was informed about the new “denominations” used as the toponymic change that a municipal council of a small town carries out for the change of administration. It is probable that President Meloni wanted to consecrate the change of denomination of the eight Ministries to nail down the three parties of the right-wing coalition on the programmatic approach because the three parties – Brothers of Italy, League And Come on Italy – have different program objectives in their essence and in the very conception of the country, just mentioned “Country”.
Brothers of Italy is “nationalistic, patriotic” and as such faithful to National Unity, so much so that the newly elected President of the Senate, Ignazio Maria Benito La Russa, 75 years old, ex-msi, proposed to establish the National Day of the Unification of Italy in 1861 just to accept that April 25 which is the fundamental day of Liberation from Nazi-fascism. There League instead he is “federalist” and is now trying to implement differentiated autonomy” among the twenty Regions but only yesterday with Bossi he clearly wanted the secession of the North from the South of Italy. Come on Italy it is above all interested in the defense of private enterprise and in the production of “Made in Italy”, to say the least. These lexical changes will have effects on the economic and financial policies of the State, on the expansion or reduction of civil rights, on the structural reforms of the Public Administration and perhaps on the very institutional form of the Republic.
Particularly striking is an old and staunch Southerner, the division into two Ministries for the South whose competences have been divided between a “Ministry of the South and Sea Policies” and a “Ministry of European Affairs and Territorial Cohesion and Pnrr”.
It is a partition from Cencelli Manual or from Ocelot for everything to change in the South for everything to stay the same. The fragmentation does not favor the efficiency and effectiveness of the interventions; is an empty box the Ministry of the South without the funds of Pnrr. The “administrative continuity” which is a constitutive element of an elementary good management of the public machine is destroyed. Still the moving memory – of the now old southerner of the secular and socialist left – goes to the life and work of great figures such as Giulio Pastore, Francesco Compagna, Ugo La Malfa, Antonio Giolitti, and Luigi Einaudi who was in the 1950s among the founders of Case for the South while being profoundly and authentically “liberal”. The Ministry was called “Ministry for extraordinary interventions in the South and in the depressed areas of the Centre-North”.
Since 1964 the Ministry of the Budget he called himself “of the Budget and Economic Planning” and the Economic programming it had to represent the fundamental political action for the “Southern Question” because it had to be joint to the Territorial planning with the obligation for all 8,000 Italian municipalities to approve the General Town Plan. There was – in the twenty years between 1960 and 1980 – an extraordinary civil passion for the center-left turn, even with the massive intervention of the state in the economy with the Ministry of State Holdings and the fundamental one of Labor and Social Security. The work of Giacomo Brodolini, Minister of Labour, author of the Statute of Workers who claimed to be the “minister of workers”.
There are fundamental differences between an era of great hopes and structural reforms and this era of decomposed and contradictory reaction of liberal policies. For the Noon – I prefer the wording Ministry for the South – let’s start again from scratch. I think back to the last admirable action of the last Minister, Mara Carfagna, and to her invaluable work of organizing the projects of the PNRR. It has already happened with Ministers Fabrizio Barca and Carlo Trigilia who had blazed a trail even with the tools of INVITALIA and ofTerritorial Cohesion Agency which had to be implemented by the unprepared Local Authorities with their administrative machines and their political classes.
Finally, I share the strong concern of the journalist Aldo Avallone “for the ignorance and incompetence of the government structure unfit to solve the many current problems”. – I’m even more worried Avallone added – for the absolute inconsistency of what should be my political side: the left.
The appeal is therefore to the local political classes of the South and specifically of our islands, from Ponza to Capri – of the reformist left in which I have always recognized myself – to re-launch a civil mobilization such as to place the Municipalities at the center of political protagonism.
* DIRECTOR OF “IL CONTINENTE”