“The others were unlucky and I will be lucky.” Why do migrants choose to flee to Europe?

For many migrants who decide to flee their countries, the first stop on their way to a better – in their opinion – world are usually refugee camps, still in the Middle East. Reality, however, often verifies these plans, and makeshift shelters become homes for years.

There are members in several camps in Iraq Polish Medical Mission, sending doctors to the site and creating, for example, dentists’ offices. Living in such a place is a complete economic, social and psychological degradation – says in an interview with RMF FM Małgorzata Olasińska-Chart, director of the Humanitarian Aid Program of the Polish Medical Mission, which is on duty in one of the camps in Iraqi Kurdistan.

Members of the State Museum at Majdanek who are present on the spot, know from conversations with the inhabitants of the camps that they are most often motivated to flee from their countries fear of being drafted into the regime’s army (in this case, it is about the Syrians), fear of religious fundamentalist rule (refugees from Afghanistan) or finally fear of a disastrous economic situation, unemployment and lack of prospects despite good education.

In recent years, Iraqi Kurdistan has received a total of approx 2 million refugees and displaced persons from neighboring regions. This is one third of the autonomy’s population. These people live in several refugee camps, partly financed by the Kurdish government. The money, however, is not enough to be able to provide decent conditions for every fugitive. Kurdistan, when it started accepting migrants on its territory, faced a serious one humanitarian crisis. On the spot, they are trying to help solve it, among others charities from Poland. Among them, the Polish Medical Mission and Caritas.

What is life in such camps like and why do they become a refuge for many people for years?

These camps are inhabited by thousands of people. The Baharka camp, where Iraqis live, is 6,000 people. The Qushtapa camp, where Syrians live, is close to 9,000 people. (…) When I talk to families in camps, virtually each of them has a loved one somewhere in France, Germany, the Netherlands or Sweden – explains Małgorzata Olasińska-Chart, director of the Humanitarian Aid Program of the Polish Medical Mission.

However, first those who have the best chance of traveling decided to travel to Europe surviving an expedition across several frontiers. Their relatives remained in the Middle East, hoping for material support sent by those family members who managed to reach their destination.

Not all of them accept the failure of their journey and decide to return to their countries. It is about migrants who have been coming to Belarus over the past few months, having acquired the information about open road from Minsk to the European Union. Despite the return flights organized by the Iraqi government, there are still many people who hope to make it to the West. Some of them are relatives of people who remained in Iraqi camps.

There is no contact with some of them, because, as our interlocutors from the State Museum at Majdanek explain – often in such situations there is embarrassment in front of the family related to the fact that despite putting everything on one card and taking an expensive trip, the refugees found themselves in a clinch between two countries.

It cannot be ruled out that people who stayed on the Polish-Belarusian border more than once they will try to enter the territory of the European Union.

These people know that a dozen or so people have died at the border, but this is very human – everyone thinks he can make it. It does not matter that someone was pushed across the border several or several times, it does not matter that someone else died. For those who are still at the border or want to try to escape, it seems they will succeed. Others were unlucky and I will be lucky. This is a very simple psychological mechanism.

explains Małgorzata Olasińska-Chart.

The fact that there are still people who are trying to get to Poland in Belarus are evidenced by the daily messages of the border guard, which inform about the attempts they have prevented crossing the territory of the Republic of Poland, as well as the number of interventions undertaken by the medical team Polish Center for International Aidwho has been reacting to signals about people who may need medical help in forests on the Polish side for nearly three weeks.

PCPM reported on social media about a group of seven Syrians. “We bounce like a ping-pong ball from one side of the border to the other. It’s like playing some game. Even if we wanted to go back to Minsk, the Belarusian services will not allow us to do so, telling us to go to the Polish side, regardless of the state of health we are in. We would like to take refuge and warm ourselves in a warm house for at least one day. Can you take us somewhere? “- reported migrants in an interview with medics.

The Border Guard said that last day it recorded another 62 attempts to illegally cross the Polish-Belarusian border. In the section near Czeremcha, approx. 18 40 foreigners passed over to the Polish side. Earlier, a technical dam made of razor wire was cut.

However, the illegal migrants were stopped by the Polish services and returned to the border line – said the spokesman of the Border Guard, Lieutenant Anna Michalska.

The Border Guard also noted an attempt to destroy the border fence, which was to be carried out by Belarusian border guards. The incident took place in the section protected by officers from the facility in Michałów.

On Friday, from 5 pm, the Belarusian services were approaching and cutting the concentrate. When Polish border guards repaired the dam, they were blinded by Belarusians with lasers and strobe lights. Such actions were repeated six times over several hours – added Lieutenant Michalska.

From September 2, due to the migratory pressure in the border zone with Belarus in 183 localities in the province. Podlasie and Lublin voivodeships apply state of emergency. It was introduced for 30 days under the ordinance of President Andrzej Duda issued at the request of the Council of Ministers. The Seym agreed to extend the state of emergency for another 60 days, that is until the end of November.

By the middle of next year, under a special act, it will stand on the border with Belarus a steel fence topped with barbed wire and enriched with electronic devices. The 180 km long and 5.5 m high dam will be built in Podlasie. Along the border, motion sensors, day and night cameras will be installed. The Bug is a natural dam in the Lublin region.

About Banner Leon

Videogames entered his life in the late '80s, at the time of the first meeting with Super Mario Bros, and even today they make it a permanent part, after almost 30 years. Pros and defects: he manages to finish Super Mario Bros in less than 5 minutes but he has never finished Final Fight with a credit ... he's still trying.

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