Health

UNAM to create program in palliative medicine

The National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) will launch a major in palliative medicine this year to train doctors to carry out professional practice of high scientific quality, allowing them to integrate research and educational activities into their work.This major is Programs and projects are approved by the College Board of Trusteesit also revised the Professional Single Scheme in Medical Sciences (PUEM).

Study plan details

According to the National Autonomous University of Mexico, the course will be taught in person in the school system, Duration is three years Among them, 693 credits must be completed, corresponding to 12 compulsory academic activities. The specialty is “direct admission” to applicants through the National Residency Examination, with an option to have a Bachelor of Physician/Surgeon degree or equivalent and professional licensure. This new study program will begin to be taught at the “Manuel Gea González” General Hospital, taking into account its relevance in the field of professional knowledge, benefiting from its experience and human and material resources. Subsequently, it may be conducted at a medical unit with the professional requirements for hosting the program as specified by the medical school.

Palliative care in Mexico

Likewise, the PUEM Modification Project states that in Mexico there is a Differs greatly Provide access to palliative care to terminally ill patients. In this sense, it states that, according to the Official Gazette of the Federation (2014), 79% of service infrastructure in the country is lacking. Furthermore, it revealed a critical shortage of opioids and a lack of training in primary, secondary and tertiary care, despite legislation on the issue having been in place since 2009.

health care

To address the above issues, the document emphasizes the responsibility of higher education institutions such as the National Autonomous University of Mexico to participate in the design of study programs and projects.Although health agencies are responsible for Provide clinical scenarios for diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation Optimum training required for professionals. The project also highlights the need for Mexico to respond to demographic and epidemiological shifts through changes in health care. According to the Lancet Global Commission on Palliative Care and Relief, approximately 468,000 people suffer from severe health-related pain every year, which means nearly 230,000 people die from pain, accounting for 37% of the national mortality rate. That said, there are many people who need palliative care:

  • Adults with chronic medical conditions such as cardiovascular disease (38.5%).
  • Cancer (34%).
  • AIDS (5.7%).
  • Diabetes (4.6%).

Although other conditions are also possible Need palliative care, Examples include renal failure, chronic liver disease, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, rheumatoid arthritis, neurological disorders, dementia, congenital anomalies and drug-resistant tuberculosis.

Limitations of palliative care

Research conducted by Human Rights Watch in our country shows that access to palliative care services is limited, One reason is that there are few public institutions providing these services. Seven of the country’s 32 states do not have any type of palliative care services; in five states, they exist only in each state’s capital. Only in Mexico City and Durango, Jalisco and Guanajuato it is possible through the National Institute of Health and Welfare, the Mexican Institute of Social Security and the National Institute of Workforce Health and Social Services and with palliative care wards or pain of hospitals for visiting clinics.Likewise, there is little training of health personnel in this discipline, as of the 111 existing medical schools, there are only Six offer palliative care courses In undergraduate studies; two of them are compulsory. The PUEM Modification Project adds that Mexico ranks 12th out of 19 countries in the region for integrating palliative care into undergraduate medical curricula.

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