What are there and how are they treated – Prensa Libre

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), cancer is one of the leading causes of death around the world. In 2020 alone, almost 10 million deaths from this condition were recorded.

The WHO notes that the Cancer It is produced by a transformation of normal cells into tumor cells within processes that usually lead to precancerous lesions to malignant tumors. The changes are the result of interaction between genetic factors of the patient or external agents.

This condition that has attacked so many people around the globe is explained by the hematologist Fabiola Valvert as “a genetic alteration what do you usually give them benefit to tumor cells for your proliferation so these are usually break up quickly and they don’t die”.

As a result, they accumulate and lead to what we know as a Cancer. According to Valvet, who is also a doctor at the Institute of Cancerology, cancer can appear anywhere in the body.

Malignant cells also could Appear and affect from the blood. Among the consequences of these cancers, diseases such as leukemiathe multiple myeloma and the lymphomas.

According to data compiled by America’s Health Foundation through a report made in the Central American and Caribbean region by Janssen Pharmaceuticals, in Guatemala during the 2020, blood cancer claimed more lives than breast, lung or cervical cancer.

It was announced that annually in the country are diagnosed more than 1,271 new patients with leukemia, multiple myeloma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. In addition, the mortality rates in the country they are higher among men.

According to María Tejada, scientific director of the Dominican Society of Hematology and knowledgeable about the report, with the data revealed, “they are looking for upset the population for them to plan an early diagnosis”.

But what do these consist of? affections carcinogens from the blood and how do they appear in people?

Types of cancer in the blood

According to data from America’s Health Foundation, blood cancers can be divided into three ailments:

  • Leukemia: Cancer of the body’s blood tissue in which the bone marrow produces atypical white blood cells that are unable to fight certain infections. It is distinguished in acute and other chronic leukemias.
  • Multiple myeloma: It is a cancer in which the bone marrow produces plasma cells that produce antibodies to fight infections, but these cells grow out of control. Instead of making antibodies, cancer cells make abnormal and harmful proteins.
  • Lymphoma (including non-Hodgkin): It affects the lymphatic system -including lymph nodes, spleen, thymus gland and bone marrow- and can affect other systems and organs.

Each disease has different characteristics, but your symptoms may be similarpoints out the information compiled by America’s Health Foundation.

They stand out from them bleeding or bruising, recurrent nosebleeds, bone pain, frequent infections, anemia, weight loss, inflammation, itchy skin, fever, fatigue, constipation, nausea and even confusion.

Although these are cases that vary from patient to patient, there are some similar risk factors such as genetic disorders, radiation, autoimmune disorders and infections, smoking, family history, and chemical exposures.

However, the doctors interviewed point out that more than half of the cases usually arise without precedent. “Between a 40-50% of the time the causes are unknown”, emphasizes Dr. María Tejada.

types of blood cancer
On many occasions, leukemia usually affects minors. (Free Press Photo: Shutterstock)

Dr. Fabiola Valvert points out that the affected ages tend to vary. Many times, the leukemia can affect a Most of the children between 3 and 11 years old who have developmental problems immune system.

several adults older than 70 years with immune deficiencies or have been exposed to radiation could also be affected. Similarly, this group is vulnerable to myelomas.

In the case of lymphomas, the doctor points out that the cases of people between 25 years and also close to 55 years.


In situations of myelomaFabiola Valvet comments that treatments based on immunotherapies so that the disease becomes chronic since it is very atypical and is not always curable. In these situations, there are also autologous stem cell transplants.

Otherwise, the leukemia can be curedbut require different treatmentssince they vary between chronic and acutewhich is why some involve accompaniments from the chemotherapyothers from radiotherapy and even of bone marrow transplant, according to the specialist.

Similarly, the lymphomas They may be curable from the methodologies that involve leukemias.

Dr. Valvet points out that on many occasions people can get to critical points in these diseases so this would make the treatments more expensive.

To avoid such instances, and in general, to anticipate better health conditionsspecialists recommend pay attention to the body.

types of blood cancer
Types of cancer in the blood usually appear with an excess in the proliferation of tumor cells. (Free Press Photo: Shutterstock)

Fatigue, appearance of masses in the body or bone pain are triggers for an immediate medical check-up. In these cases, blood tests should be carried out, says Fabiola.

According to Dr. María Tejada, if people reach feel uncomfortable with his performance physiologicalit is necessary that they always seek information on doctors who have the support of medical institutions.

Suggest making a annual medical checkup and also take into account the existence of specialists such as oncologists and hematologists. In Guatemala you can go to places like the Institute of Cancerology.

The specialist points out that it should also be carried a healthy life with nutrient rich dietas well as drink enough water and avoid the prolonged sun exposureas well as avoid radiation.

Resilience and awareness

David Valle is 19 years old and knows very well what living with leukemia, one of the three types of cancer that according to America’s Health Foundation impacts the lives of more than 20,500 people in Central America and the Caribbean.

Valle was detected with the disease when he was 12 years old. His family found out when one day he was taken from emergency after a season of tiredness and nasal epistaxis that did not stop and had worsened.

Although the treatment to recover took two years and six months, the young man assures that the most disease complex -in addition to the fear, the pain and the costs- consisted in being persevering and positive.

types of blood cancer
It is pertinent that before any discomfort of fatigue, appearance of masses or even constant nasal secretions, patients visit the doctor. (Free Press Photo: Shutterstock)

“There is a certain point where one doubts if the treatment will really work, but it is at that time that people can be rediscover and see that in life there are always good times and opportunitiesDavid adds.

According to Dr. Mejía, leukemia is greatly feared and is believed to be incurable, which is a myth that has been mitigated given medical advances. This also applies to lymphomas.

“Hope and faith must be sought, but patients must also know everything about the diseases so that they are in good treatment”, says Tejada.

The specialist, as well as her colleague Fabiola, point out that society often he doesn’t talk so much about blood cancersince there are other types of cancer that, while being equally important, have increased attention and receive more campaigns. However, they point out the need to underline the existence of these ailmentstheir Causes and the number of cases happen to prevent.

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About Alex Marcell

He likes dogs, pizza and popcorn. Already a fanboy of Nintendo and Sony, but today throws anything. He has collaborated on sites and magazines such as GameBlast, Nintendo World, Hero and Portal Pop, but today is dedicated exclusively to Spark Chronicles.

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