How are our vital signs? – The financial

Iberoamerican University of Puebla, Puebla against Corruption and Impunity

There is no doubt that it is important to check our vital signs on a regular basis. It is necessary to have reliable diagnoses of how we are. As in the reports of the medical check-ups that we carry out with some frequency, in which the maximum or minimum ranges that are recommended in each indicator of the “check up”, in the case of the condition of the country, you can assess how well we are comparing its vital signs with those of other countries. The Signos Vitales organization has just published its latest report called “Stagnation and regression. Mexico and the world” (https://signosvitalesmexico.org.mx/reportes/), which makes a comprehensive diagnosis of the country’s situation after three years of government, and shows evidence of the place where Mexico is in the international arena.

Our democracy and democratic values ​​are in suspense. In the “Democracy Index” of The Economist Mexico regressed from being a ‘democracy with problems’ to a ‘hybrid’ regime, with a tendency towards authoritarianism. The loss of freedoms that we have suffered is documented by “Freedom House”, which points out that Mexico obtained 61 points on a scale of 100. The reasons for this score, which is similar to that of Albania, Bhutan or Bolivia, are the penetration of crime organized in government spheres, the high levels of insecurity, the lack of transparency, judicial inefficiency and corruption, the loss of autonomy of powers such as the judiciary, and the critical situation of freedom of expression and non-governmental organizations. For “Reporters Without Borders”, Mexico has become the most dangerous country to practice journalism in societies that do not have armed conflicts. And corruption is rampant. Beyond the scandals of the presidential family, the corruption perception index, prepared by Transparency International, shows that Mexico is in 124th place, placing it among the most corrupt countries in the world.

Many of us have denounced the terrible management of the pandemic in Mexico at a global level and the report corroborates it. With a total of 300,386 officially confirmed COVID deaths, we rank fifth worldwide, where 20 percent of deaths have been health workers (the highest percentage in the world). Similarly, we have suffered an excess of deaths of 54.8 percent compared to those reported from 2015 to 2019, the highest percentage among OECD countries. The number of deaths reached 4,456 per million inhabitants according to official figures, which places Mexico in the country with the most excess deaths in the world during the pandemic. For this reason, life expectancy at birth decreased by 2.5 years for women and 3.6 years for men in 2021. A setback not seen since the Mexican Revolution.

The lag in education due to the pandemic and its mismanagement is also notorious. According to a report by UNESCO, UNICEF and the World Bank, data from Brazil, Pakistan, rural India, South Africa and Mexico show substantial losses in math and reading. This report demonstrates that, in some countries, average learning losses are proportional to the duration of school closures. We must remember that Mexico kept schools closed for 14 months, so the results reveal significant learning losses in children aged 10 to 15 in Mexico. This implies destroying rungs of the ladder that provides social mobility and that will have repercussions on several generations of Mexican children.

The picture in pollution and environmental protection has been pathetic for years and has gotten worse. In 2016, Mexico ranked sixth among the countries with the largest water footprint (678.8 billion cubic meters per year) in the world, and in 2020 it ranked 24th among the countries with the highest level of water stress. There is no water and what there is is of low quality. In 2019, Mexico ranked seventh in international waste per year and number two in Latin America, with 53.1 million tons. The Rio Grande ranked fourth among the most polluted tributaries in the world. Mexico and Brazil are the only Latin American countries in the ranking of the 15 countries that emit the most carbon dioxide (CO2). In 2020, Mexico was positioned as the third country in Latin America with the highest air pollution. Of the ranking of the 15 cities evaluated with the highest levels of pollution in the region, nine are Mexican. The abandonment of care for the environment and our resources is evident.

And let’s not talk about the economy. Mexico fell one position in the world economy (place 15 to 16), and per capita income contracted –9.3 percent in 2020, more than the –7.5 percent average for Latin America, or –4 percent for North America . In 2020, Mexico is the eighth country with the highest poverty of the 36 members of the OECD. The setback is clear.

All these data reflect a situation of stagnation and regression in the country. It is difficult to be optimistic in the face of the debacle that we are witnessing in practically any area. The patient’s condition is, to say the least, delicate.

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About Alex Marcell

He likes dogs, pizza and popcorn. Already a fanboy of Nintendo and Sony, but today throws anything. He has collaborated on sites and magazines such as GameBlast, Nintendo World, Hero and Portal Pop, but today is dedicated exclusively to Spark Chronicles.

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