Prostate cancer diagnosed early is 90 percent. chances of recovery

LUX MED partner’s material

(partner material)

Waiting is killing. And it’s literally! In Europe, 107,000 men die from prostate cancer each year. In Poland, every 7th man hears information about this cancer. However, this is not a verdict! Timely diagnosed prostate cancer can be treated well, and the therapy itself is not burdensome for the patient. I talk to Dr. Stefan W. Czarniecki, urologist, head of the Department of Urology HIFU CLINIC at the St. Elżbieta in Warsaw, belonging to the LUX MED Group.

It’s November, also known as the mustache. We are growing a mustache to provoke a discussion on men’s intimate health, mainly referring to prostate cancer. Why is it so important?

Dr. Stefan Czarniecki, head of the Urology Department at HIFU CLINIC and director of innovation at the St.  Elżbieta belonging to the LUX MED Group

Dr. Stefan Czarniecki, head of the Urology Department at HIFU CLINIC and director of innovation at the St. Elżbieta belonging to the LUX MED Group (partner material)

Dr. Stefan W. Czarniecki: Prostate cancer is the most frequently detected malignant neoplasm in men in Poland. On a European scale, it is already ahead of breast cancer in this respect. It is diagnosed annually in the country in 16,000 men. 5 500 Poles lose the fight against this cancer every year. Interestingly, however, over 2,000,000 men in Europe live with diagnosed prostate cancer. This shows that prostate cancer, if detected early enough, is highly amenable to treatment. It is a cancer that we are able to transform in the medium or even long term into a chronic disease. But let me emphasize once again: it must be detected quickly enough.

So we grow a mustache and persuade men to have a PSA test.

Great plan! The PSA test is the first – most important! – step. It is a protein that we test in the blood and is associated with the risk of various diseases of the prostate – inflammation, benign hyperplasia, but also prostate cancer. In the last 12 months, only 24 percent have made them in Poland. 55-64-year-olds, although in this age group PSA levels should be measured once a year. In the case of older men, over 65 years of age, who are most often diagnosed with prostate cancer, only 40% of them were examined in the last year. of them! This study, which is unbelievable, has never been performed by as many as 41 percent. men aged 55-64 and as much as 22 percent. men over 65.

Men don’t want to get tested?

Men feel indestructible. By the time. Most of them do not like to be examined, they are afraid of discovering weaknesses and diseases. This is a trait that probably unites all men in the world across a wide range of different societies. 70 percent patients come to our clinic at the urging of their women: wives, daughters, even mothers. Therefore, ladies play an extremely important social and health role here. But something about the subject is starting to change. It is noticeable that men over 30 years of age actually use preventive examinations more often and take care of their health more willingly than men who come in old age.

Perhaps let’s emphasize it once again: detected early prostate cancer is associated with over 90 percent. a chance for long-term recovery.

There is no other way. Prophylactic examinations have an extremely optimistic effect: they allow you to start prostate cancer treatment when we can effectively fight the cancer.

Perhaps this is what men fear the most? Common awareness of cancer treatment is a long and burdensome process.

We need to separate two issues: treating a disease that is detected early, is highly amenable to treatment, and that is too advanced to be treated locally. Rapid diagnosis of prostate cancer allows for local, minimally invasive, less painful and burdensome therapy, and – what is important – one-time therapy. But there is also a second point – finding the disease too advanced to be able to cure it locally. And then prostate cancer requires systemic therapies in the form of injections, drips, hormone treatment, and chemotherapy.

Men who are afraid of pain and the side effects of cancer treatment should be screened even more prophylactically. This is the best way to protect yourself from a disease that must be treated in a debilitating manner.

So what is the treatment of prostate cancer when it is detected early?

Modern methods of treating prostate cancer are based on the use of a whole range of modern diagnostic tools, ranging from the use of magnetic resonance imaging of the prostate, biomarkers to risk assessment through prostate fusion biopsy, which allows for a very precise determination of the type of disease, its stage and scope within the gland topography. Thanks to such advanced tools, we are able to very precisely separate patients, offering them treatment methods that are optimal for them. This allows us to select patients for whom the optimal treatment is untreated, a form of observation we call active surveillance.

It is very important that those patients diagnosed with prostate cancer, which we call low-risk prostate cancer, be under active surveillance as much as possible. Without the patients’ awareness of the benefits of this form of treatment, they may become a victim of the so-called over-treatment, as a result of bilateral over-zealousness – on the part of patients who think “cancer is cancer, it must be treated”, as well as on the part of doctors, as a result of communication failures or conflict of interest.

What is active surveillance in low-risk prostate cancer?

It is a form of an agreement between a doctor and an informed patient not to treat a diagnosed low-malignant prostate cancer – which histopathologically is called Gleason 6 (3 + 3) or Prognostic Group 1. It consists in cyclic determination of PSA concentration in the blood and magnetic resonance imaging. as well as systematic verification in prostate fusion biopsy.

In some cases, treatment of prostate cancer is unnecessary, excessive. A major communication challenge is educating the patient and convincing him through education that despite the psychological burden that may be associated with cancer diagnosis, it is more beneficial for him not to treat this particular prostate cancer than to treat it.

Sometimes, however, surgery is necessary. What methods are used then?

Prostate surgery

Prostate surgery (partner material)

It absolutely is. If left without intervention, neoplasms may lead to death of the man, hence surgery or other form of treatment is necessary. In HIFU CLINIC, the therapy takes place in the operating room, using the da Vinci robot. It is a tool that is nothing new in our clinic, and has been the standard of surgical treatment for prostate cancer and kidney cancer for years.

In the United States, as in our center, 95 percent. prostate surgery (radical prostatectomy) is performed using the da Vinci robot. Such statistics are justified. Surgical techniques implemented with the use of this robotic tool, or rather an advanced telemanipulator, which is the da Vinci robot, bring documented benefits in the perioperative and long-term course for patients. Topical treatment of prostate cancer is a one-time operation. Prostatectomy takes less than 2 hours and is associated with a 2-3 day hospital stay. After such treatment, patients leave the ward on their own and return to normal functioning within a few short weeks.

The world has been struggling with the coronavirus pandemic for nearly two years. Has this affected the diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer to some extent?

More often than in previous years, we diagnose prostate cancer in an advanced stage. This is very bad and sad news. And I see no reason why cancer prevention during a pandemic should be impaired, because diagnostic tests are widely and continuously available. Blood PSA, MRI of the prostate, SelectMDx liquid urine biopsy, 4K test (determining the risk of developing prostate cancer up to 20 years ahead) and prostate fusion biopsy can be performed.

All these diagnostic tools are available all the time, although the availability of the first, basic, test – PSA – has been limited to some extent. PSA is usually ordered by family doctors, and then it is also free. And during the pandemic, access to primary health care was disrupted, and grossly.

November, when the media coverage of prostate cancer is louder, is a good time to take matters into your own hands. We can contact the primary care physician in the form of teleportation and ask for a referral for a PSA test. We can also do this test privately, it is not expensive. We will pay about PLN 30 for the measurement of PSA concentration.

Thank you for the conversation.

LUX MED partner’s material

About Peter Wilson

In love with technology, with an eye towards smartphones, he does not disdain any activity linked to the Nerd world. TV series, movies, manga, anime, and comics (Marvel addicted) are the order of the day.

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