Excise duties on fuels are one of the commitments that the previous government left open and now more than ever they could limit the enormous growth in the price of gasoline and diesel. In Europe, excise duties are very variable and there are countries that, thanks to the price increase, have decided to cut them completely. The example comes fromIreland which in the past hour has communicated a net cut of this annoying micro-tax of 20 cents for petrol and 15 cents for diesel. The cut is temporaryuntil the emergency of the price at the pump is not covered.
But when will it be Italy’s turn? Failure to cut the stamp and its super-stamp testified as the cars represent the lifeblood of sustenance for the Government and, at the same rate, excise duties are also a micro-tax that allows to obtain a continuous and constant income. In Italy the excise duties (€ 0.728 / liter of diesel and € 0.617 / liter of gasoline) are very close only to the countries of Northern Europe (excluding Greece) who, however, as we know, they married decidedly different mobility choices from those of the Bel Paese. Just to name one, Norway has been the capital of electric cars for some years and we can understand why the level of taxation on fossil fuels is extremely high and used as an incentive to promote green mobility.
At the moment there are no rumors about it although it is almost the desire of all road users to stop paying taxes dating back to over 50 years ago. How anticipated yesterday, the Government could be working on a sort of “fuel bonus” probably measured on the basis of the ISEE. Similar solutions have already been applied in Fracia and Italy could follow the same strategy without, unfortunately, touching excise duties.
We recall in this regard that excise duties are not only present on petrol and diesel (and LPG), but they are also applied to a lesser extent to various types of goods such as mineral oils and their derivatives (petrol, diesel, LPG, methane gas), alcoholic beverages (liqueurs, grappa, brandy), matches, tobacco products (cigarettes ), electricity and lubricating oils.
At present, we find well to weigh on the price of fuels 18 excise duties:
- financing of the Suez crisis (1956) – 0.00723 euros;
- post-Vajont disaster reconstruction (1963) – 0.00516 euros;
- post-flood reconstruction of Florence (1966) – 0.00516 euros;
- reconstruction after the Belice earthquake (1968) – 0.00516 euros;
- post-earthquake reconstruction in Friuli (1976) – 0.00511 euros;
- post-earthquake reconstruction of Irpinia (1980) – 0.0387 euros;
- funding for the UN mission in Lebanon (1982 – 1983) – € 0.106;
- funding for the UN mission in Bosnia (1996) – 0.0114 euros;
- renewal of the autoferrotranvieri contract (2004) – 0.020 euros;
- purchase of ecological buses (2005) – 0.005 euros;
- post-earthquake reconstruction in L’Aquila (2009) – 0.0051 euros;
- funding for culture (2011) – 0.0071;
- financing of the Libyan migration crisis (2011) – 0.040 euros;
- reconstruction due to the flood that hit Tuscany and Liguria (2011) – 0.0089 euros;
- financing of the “Salva Italia” decree (2011) – 0.082 euros;
- loan for post-earthquake reconstruction in Emilia (2012) – 0.024 euros;
- financing of the “Bonus managers” (2014) – 0.005 euros;
- financing of the “Fare Decree” (2014) – 0.0024.