PLN 5,167.47 – exactly this amount, according to the data of the Central Statistical Office published in February, in Poland in 2020 was the average wage in the national economy. Now, however, the CSO released data that shed a bit more light on the wage conditions in Poland. He showed what the average salary was in individual voivodeships.
It probably comes as no surprise that the Mazowieckie Voivodeship is the leader here, boosted mainly by Warsaw (including especially high wages, e.g. of programmers or management staff of many companies and corporations operating in the capital). Here, the average salary in 2020 was almost PLN 6,248, which is over a thousand zlotys more than for the entire country. Second place was taken by Dolnośląskie (approx. PLN 5366), followed by Małopolskie (PLN 5186), Śląskie (PLN 5172) and Pomorskie (PLN 5141) with very similar results.
These data perfectly show how much salaries in the Mazowieckie voivodship boost the data given in the entire territory of Poland. In the vast majority of regions of the country, average wages differ from the data from Mazovia by about 25 percent. Moreover, it is not necessarily the case of the eastern wall – the lowest average salary in 2020 was recorded in the Warmińsko-Mazurskie, Podkarpackie, Świętokrzyskie and … Lubuskie voivodships. Less than in Lubelskie or Podlaskie, the average earnings are in the Kujawsko-Pomorskie voivodship.
Economist Rafał Mundry also points to the scale of the increases in individual provinces. In some, the average salary increased by 5%, in others even by 8%. (and therefore more than half as much).
- Read more about the Polish labor market at Gazeta.pl
The average salary also doesn’t say it all
Of course, the data on the average wage in specific voivodships also give only a rough idea of what the labor market looks like in them. It is enough to recall the very “fresh” data of the Central Statistical Office on the median of wages in Poland, published only on Monday, November 22.
The data concerned October 2020 and it showed that at that time the average salary in the whole country was exactly PLN 5,748.24. The only problem is that the median salary (i.e. the middle value – the amount above and below which exactly half of people in Poland earn) was almost 18 percent. lower (approximately PLN 4,702).
The CSO indicated, among others, that nearly 66 percent earned less than the national average. employees, and very, very strongly, it was driven by the salaries of representatives of public authorities, senior officials and managers. In the vast majority of industries analyzed by the Central Statistical Office, average wages were lower than the national average.
This is another science from data. You can clearly see that when the Central Statistical Office (GUS) provides data on high average wages in the economy (and then politicians boast about them), at the back of your head you need to be aware that this amount is strongly “pumped” both in terms of industry and geography. Much better (as we showed a few months ago on the basis of the median income in 2018) is earning in large cities and the strong ones with their large workplaces (e.g. Bogatynia with the Turów mine and power plant, Lubin with KGHM or Zbąszynek from IKEA Industry) .
Or maybe the regional minimum wage?
This is just a concept and it is not heard that the government would implement it, but a few months ago the Ombudsman for Small and Medium-sized Entrepreneurs and industry organizations proposed regionalization of the minimum wage. Reason? It is the strong regional differentiation of wages, which – according to Witold Michał from Business Center Club – “is additionally strengthened, not reduced by maintaining an excessively high, detrimental to economically weaker regions, national minimum wage”.
The Republican Foundation, which prepared a report on this subject, showed several variants of differentiating the minimum wage, depending on e.g. on average wages in given regions. If this happened, the minimum wage, e.g. in Warsaw, Gdańsk, Kraków or Wrocław, could be several hundred zlotys higher than e.g. in Kłobuck, Lubaczów, Szydłowiec or Drawsko Pomorskie.
According to the Republican Foundation, lower minimum wages in the poorest regions could, by reducing employment costs for employers, counteract unemployment or push workers into the shadow economy. It could also, for example, increase investors’ interest in a given region.
On the other hand, the regionalization of the minimum wage could, for example, cause administrative chaos and a sense of injustice among the inhabitants of poorer regions.